Christmas in Christian tradition is a celebration of the
birth of baby Jesus. In Czech Republic Christmas Eve is the most important
feast day of all the holidays. In the morning a Christmas tree is decorated.
Vegetable (lens or cabbage) soup is usually served for lunch as Christmas is
time to fast. In the evening the family gathers together to have traditional
dinner that consists of fish sop and carp fillet with potato salad. After
dinner children await the ringing of the bell that announces little baby Jesus
has come to visit them and left presents under the tree. People often go to midnight
mass on Christmas Eve. The 25th December is not as important day as
in English-speaking countries where children receive their presents.
Easter is the most important Christian holiday celebrated on April.
It commemorates resurrection of Jesus Christ. Jesus was crucified on the cross
on Good Friday and came back to life on Easter Sunday. In the Czech Republic
Easter is a mixture of Christian and pagan traditions. On the morning of Easter
Monday, boys and men whip girls and women to make sure they stay healthy for
the rest of the year. As a reward girls treat them with hand-painted eggs. The
egg is a symbol of fertility and new life.
The International Worker’s Day is celebrated on 1st May.
Nowadays it become a day of love when lovers kiss under blooming cherry trees
if in Prague go and pay tribute to K. H. Mácha, the poet of everybody in love.
On 8th May Liberation Day is celebrated. It celebrates the
end of WW II in Europe. Prague was liberated in the morning on 8th
May, 1945 by the Soviet army.
On 5th July Saint Cyril and Methodius Day is celebrated. We
remember the two brothers who brought Christianity to Central Europe.
On 6th July Jan Hus Day is celebrated. Jan Hus was a priest
and reformer who blamed Catholic representatives for unholy behaviour. On 5th
July 1415 he was burned at the stake in Kostnice for his criticism of church.
On 28th December St.
Wencelas Day is celebrated. It is the day when the whole nation remembers
the main patron saint of the Czech state. Wenceslas was one of the early
Premyslid dukes of Bohemia. He is the first Czech ruler to suffer a martyr’s
death and many legends were created about him.
Independent Czechoslovak State Day is celebrated on 28th October. On this day
the Czechoslovak state declared independence at the end of the WWI. The first
president became T.G. Masaryk.
On 17th November Fight for Freedom and Democracy Day is
celebrated. It is a day when we remember very important milestones from our
history. In 1939 Czech students demonstrated against the occupation of Nazis.
In reaction, Czech universities were closed by the Nazis on November 17. In
1989 the Velvet Revolution started as a student demonstration against the