Czech national parks

1) Krkonoše National Park

Area - 549.69 km2
Highest point - Sněžka (elevation - 1,602 m)
Regions - Liberec, Hradec Králové
Founded - 1963

Krkonoše National Park (Czech: Krkonošský národní park, often shortcut as KRNAP) is a national park in the Liberec and Hradec Králové regions of the Czech Republic. It lies in the Krkonoše Mountains which is the highest range of the country. The park has also been listed as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve site. It borders Karkonosze National Park in Poland. The highest point is Sněžka, the highest mountain of the Czech republic. Krkonoše National Park was founded in 1963.

Tourism, together with the whole European problem of the last few decades - industrial emissions are two limiting factors for the survival of the Krkonoše Mts. in the future. Due to the extremely big danger to the natural substance of the mountains themselves the Krkonoše Mts. were registered in the list of the most endangered national parks of the world.

2) Šumava National Park

Area - 680.64 km²
Highest point - Plechý (elevation - 1,378 m)
Regions - Plzeň, South Bohemian
Founded - 1991

Šumava National Park (Czech: Národní park Šumava, usually shortened as NP Šumava; German: Biosphärenreservat Šumava) is a national Park in the Plzeň and South Bohemian Regions of the Czech Republic along the border with Germany and Austria. They protect a little-inhabited area of the mountain range of the same name, the Šumava.

The Šumava Range is covered by the most extensive forest in Central Europe, whose natural composition was, however, changed and today spruce plantations prevail in most of the area. In many places non-native spruce varietes were planted. These are not well adapted to the harsh local climate and are therefore sensitive to a range of elements, such as strong winds (e.g. in the 1980s or recently at the beginning of 2007) and bark beetle.

3) Bohemian Switzerland

Area - 79 km²
Highest point - Děčínský Sněžník (elevation - 726 m)
Location - north-western Czech Republic
Founded - 2000

Bohemian Switzerland (Czech: české Švýcarsko; German: Böhmische Schweiz), also known as Czech Switzerland, is a beautiful region in the north-western Czech Republic. It lies on the Czech side of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains north of Děčín on both sides of the Elbe River. Its highest elevation is the mountain Děčínský Sněžník at 726 m above sea level. It has been a protected area (as ChKO Labske Piskovce) since 1972.

The region along the right side of the Elbe became a national park in 2000. The National Park is bordering on the Saxon Switzerland National Park (Sächsische Schweiz) in Germany.

4) Podyjí National Park

Area - 63 km²
Location - South Moravian
Highest point - elevation 536 m
Founded - 1991

Podyjí National Park (Czech: Národní park Podyjí) is a national park in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It protects prehistoric forests along the deep Dyje River valley. It is a biom whose well-preserved state is unique in Central Europe. It connects to a smaller Thayatal National Park in Austria. It was founded in 1991.

Přidal: Aleinad 24. 12. 2008
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