I would like to speak about British literature
and most significant writers of British history. Literature is almost always
influenced by historical, political and social features of the period. As time
went by, literature reflected the opinions and ideas that people had and the
situations they were in. It could be invasion by other nations, war, social
pressure, injustice and uncertain future which influenced many famous authors.
These and many more concepts are regular themes appearing in English literature.
centuries in Britain many great writers, poems and playwrights lived. Their
pieces are often still read or played, because their topics are timeless and
never-dying. I can mention such famous personalities as Geoffrey Chaucer
Defoe, Jonathan Swift
, Charles Dickens
or George Orwell
or George Bernard Shaw
. Britain of course
has its important women who contributed to heritage of British literature.
Popular writers were Jane Austen
, Virginia Woolf
or Agatha Christie
t talk about two most important and
probably most world famous British writers. Let me shortly introduce you two
unique men – William Shakespeare and Oscar Wilde.
was the greatest playwright who
lived in the time of renaissance in England, maybe who ever lived. He was born
in Stratford-upon-Avon. Later he went to London where he was an actor, writer
of plays and then he became an owner-partner in running the Globe theatre.
is an innovator of the English language. It is interesting to know that he
introduced almost 2000 words to English. His work is famous for the richness of
its language. Altogether Shakespeare wrote thirty-seven plays
the most famous of his plays are comedies: Twelfth
Night, A Midsummer Night's Dream
As You Like It
, The Comedy of Erors,
Much Ado About Nothing
, The Merry Wives of Windsor
. In all
these comedies female roles are very important.
also write historical plays, on the basic of chronicles of kings, such as Richard II
, Richard III
, Henry IV
, Henry V
and Henry VI
popular are also his tragedies. I can not forget to mention Hamlet
or King Lear
. Shakespeare also wrote the sonnets
of the most famous plays written by William Shakespeare is Romeo and Juliet
was one of the most
important Irish writers of the 19th
century. He was very
controversial person so during his life he had many followers but also many
enemies. Nevertheless his piece influenced many artists and became
never-dying. And even today he is also
was representative of Aesthetic Movement. Aesthetes were reacting against the
conventional art and behaviour of Victorian England. Wilde created the cult of
Art for Art’s Sake which proclaimed the importance of form over contents.
He wrote two books for children - The Canterville Ghost and The Happy Prince
. His famous fairy
tales are called The Nightingale and the
Rose and The Selfish Giant
His only novel is The Picture of Dorian Grey
. It is story
about a man who remained forever young, despite the decadent life he led for
years, in contrast with his portrait which grew old instead of him.
The most famous parts of his work
are his comedies which are still widely played. In them Wilde followed the traditional
English conversational comedy and achieved fame for their brilliant form, witty
satire and amusing situations. All Wilde’s plays contain a criticism of Victorian society, but their
success is mainly due to his art of making people laugh by means of easy-going witty dialogues.
The most popular plays are Lady Windermere’s Fan, An Ideal Husband, A Woman of No Importance, and above his masterpiece The Importance of Being Earnest.
sum up I would like to say that I appreciate courage of these authors, because
they didn’t be afraid think and write differently that others in their times.
In my opinion that is reason why their books are still read and admired.