Czech history is very long and eventful, but we should know a few names and dates of our history. Our first ruler was Prince Wenceslas. He lived in the 10th century. He was murdered by his brother in Stará Boleslav and he became the patron saint of this country. One of the most popular Czech kings was Charles IV. He ruled our country in the 14th century. He had four wives. He was very wise and he love culture, he founded the university in Prague. Jan Hus was a popular preacher in the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague. He said: “People are equivalent!” He was burned at the stake in Kostnice in Germany in 1415. Our famous Hussite commander was Jan Žižka from Trocnov. He won a lot of battles and he lost an eye in a battle. Rudolph II lived at Prague Castle. He loved art and science, a lot of alchemists tried to make gold for him. In 1620 was The Battle of White Mountain and 27 Czech noblemen were executed in front of the Town Hall in Prague. Our last bishop of Jednota Bratrská was Jan Amos Komenský or the “Teacher of Nations” too. He had to leave his native country because he wasn’t a Catholic. In 1918 marked the end of World War I. The Czechoslovak republic was founded and the first president became Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. In 1989 on November 17th the Velvet Revolution started. First president of Czech Republic was Václav Havel. He is well-known writer and dramatist. He spent several years in prison. Václav Klaus is our had of state now.