The origins of chess can probably be found in 6th century in India, where there was a game called “chatuuanga“. This game was played on a board with 64 squares and pieces representing the four parts of an Indian army (infantry, elephants, chariots, and cavalry). The game spread throughout the East.
During this spreading of the game, the pieces were changed. In Europe, the pieces are symbolic of feudal society with the king and the queen and rooks representing the monarchy. The knights are the aristocracy, the bishops are the church, and the pawns are the peasants or common people working in the fields.
This game is playing by two people. Each one of them has 16 pieces with opposing sides traditionally colored white and black. The idea of the game is to capture or check mate your opponent’s king. The check mated player loses the game.