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The geography of the United Kingdom

The British Isles are a large group of more than 5, 000 isles situated north – west off Continental Europe in the Atlantic Ocean. There are two large islands and a gig number of the small one.

The big isles are called Great Britain by the English Channel. The narrowest place is called the Strait of Dover. Both the islands are separated by the Irish Sea. To the south there is Celtic Sea, while in the north – east there is the North Sea.

To the west and north off Scotland there are groups of small islands, called the Hebrides, the Orkneys and the Shetlands. The other islands are for examples the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea or the Isle of Wight in the south of England.

The country is divided into Higlands Britain in the north – west and Satland Britain in the south – east. The line of this division is between the towns of Scarborough on the north – west coast and Exeter in the South – east.

Higland Britain includes all the mountains in the north – west: the Cambian Mts. in Wales, the Pennines in the middle of England, the Cumbian Mts. in the Lakes Distric, the Cheviot hills at the border with Scotland, the Southern Uplands in the south of Scotland and the Highlands in the north of Scotland, which include the Grampian Mts. and the North – West Highlands.

Politically, the British Isles are divided into two countries: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

The climate of the British Isles is mild influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and the Golf Stream, coming from the Caribbean Sea. Its winters are mild and summers are not very hot, it rains a lot and the grass is greener than in Central Europe. In Britain there aren’t many forests but there are many lakes.




Přidal: Tonda 4. 3. 2012
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