Unesco sites in the United Kingdom
"UNESCO" is an acronym of the name "United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". The main imposition of UNESCO is a connotation of the preservation of universal peace by a cultivation of cooperation with upbringing, science, culture, and assertion of respect for peoples’ rights and the system of law.
In the United Kingdom, there are 22 UNESCO sites designated for culture, four for nature, and one mixed.
Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City
Liverpool was a port for the mass movement of people, firstly slaves and then for emigrants, from Northern Europe to America. It developed modern dock technologies and transport systems that have been copied al around the world.
Stonehenge, Avebury and associated sites
These remarkable Neolithic complexes are situated in the chalk lands in Wilshire. Some of the stones at Stonehenge came from as far away as West Wales. Avebury is the largest stone circle in the world (consisting of 180 stones arranged in a circle with a 1.3 meter circumference.)
The Tower of London
The White Tower is a typical example of Norman military architecture in Britain (built by William the Conqueror in the middle of 11th century.) It was built as a symbol of his power as well as for the defense of London from attack. The Crown Jewels have been kept there since 1303.
The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
These gardens contain a living plant collection, preserved botanical collections, and a library of related documents. Botanists associated with the gardens have made a significant contribution to the study of plants throughout the world.
Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine´s Abbey and St. Martin´s Church
Canterbury Cathedral has been the seat of the spiritual head of the Church of England and a site of pilgrimage. It is a fine example of early Gothic architecture.
The Old and New Towns of Edinburgh
Edinburgh has been the Scottish capital since the 15th
century. The Old Town is dominated by a medieval fortress, while the neo-classical New Town developed during the 18th century. The harmonious combination of these two areas makes it especially interesting.
The Heart of Neolithic Orkney
On the island of Orkney, there are fine examples of the achievements of the Neolithic people. This prehistoric landscape includes large chambered tombs, two ceremonial stone circles, and a settlement.
In the early 19th
century, when the industrial revolution was in full swing and workers lived in terrible conditions, Robert Owen set up a model humanitarian industrial site. Amongst the imposing cotton mills he designed housing for the workers which was spacious and clean.
This little group of islands is situated off the coast of the Hebrides, 64 km from the nearest land. For over 2,000 years, human communities lived on the volcanic rocks in extreme conditions. Their population was probably never larger than 200. The people just barely survived by hunting for sea birds, keeping sheep, and growing some crops. The cliffs are now the location of very large colonies of rare and endangered sea birds.
Bleanavon Industrial Landscape
This area, 40 km to the north-west of Cardiff, was the world´s major producer of coal and iron in the 19th
century. It is the location of coal and ore mines, quarries, primitive railway systems, furnaces, and examples of how people lived in their industrial communities.
Giant´s Causeway and Couseway
This is the location of solidified lava which is 50-60 million years old and which now forms the Giant´s Causeway. It forms the base of the cliffs and consists of over 40,000 massive black hexagonal columns.